A brief history of Palma

The Mallorca capital city of Palma is steeped in history, remains of which can still be seen around the town today. Like other major islands in the Mediterranean, it has attracted its fair share conquerors and invaders over the years, all of whom have helped shape the island into the place we know today. You can still see the remains of some settlements, churches, and fortresses around the central city of Palma.

Due to the size of the island, no matter where your Mallorca holiday rental is located you should still be able to reach the capital with relative ease. There is a decent road network into the city if you want to rent a car, or alternatively if you are staying in a bigger town you can hop on a local bus.

A Short History

For many, the history of Mallorca began when the Catalans took the island back from the Moors in the 13th century. Because of its location, the island found itself in the centre of trading routes that crossed the Mediterranean.

In 123 BC, the Romans conquered the island, after which Mallorca rode the many ups and downs of Roman fortune for more than five-and-a-half centuries.

Although the Romans did have an influence on the culture of Mallorca, it was the Moors that helped to develop the crafts and commerce, and you can still see this contribution in the folklore, language, and cuisine today.

At the end of the 15th century, the Balearic islands were united with the Kingdom of Spain.

Historical Sites

Renting a villa in Mallorca is a great way to relax while also viewing the history that the island has to offer. The Cathedral of Mallorca is undoubtedly one of the most famous historical buildings, standing tall on Palma’s skyline. It took approximately 300 years to build during the 14th and 17th centuries. Inside the royal chapel are the tombs of Kings James II and III.

The 10th-century Arab baths are one of the only artifacts that still remain of the old Arab city. Historians believe they formed part of an old nobleman’s house. Another great landmark is Bellver Castle, which is home to the city’s history museum. The castle dates to 1309, and since its building has been the summer palace for the island’s monarchy as well a prison.

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